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Culture contributed €104.5 billion to the French economy in 2011

By the numbers
January 8, 2014

The study “Culture’s contribution to the economy in France” co-signed by the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of the Economy in December 2013 seeks to measure the economic weight of the cultural sector. The goal? To show that culture is a vector for value creation and that the cultural and creative industries represent a real driver for growth. 

This report supports analyses from previous studies – BIPE for the CNC, EY for SACEM, Ministry of Culture – which demonstrate the importance of culture for the French economic sector. Eleven sectors representing the full spectrum of cultural activities were considered in this study: performing arts, heritage sites, visual arts, press, books, audio-visual, advertising, architecture, cinema, sound and image industries, access to knowledge and culture (e.g. libraries and specialised education).

Among the information presented by the study, three key figures highlight the importance of the cultural sector:

-          The total contribution of the cultural sector to the economy amounts to €104.5 billion when the added value contributions of “derived” activities are taken into account, i.e. business that is generated for other companies by cultural enterprises.

-          In 2011, the added value of culture in France represented 3.2% of national wealth.  The French “cultural GDP” is €57.8 billion, an added value equivalent to that of agriculture and the food industries (€60b). Culture generates seven times more than the automobile industry (€8.6b), four times more than the chemical industry (€14.8b), and more than twice as much as telecommunications (€25.5b).

-          Culture is a considerable job creator: in 2010, 2.5% of French workers were employed by companies in the cultural sector, or around 670,000 people. When considering the cultural professions – across all companies – the total comes to 870,000 people who exercise a cultural activity professionally.

Find out more:

View the full study in French: “Culture’s contribution to the economy in France”

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